MA-GYUD (MOTHER TANTRA)
Gyud, or Tantra, is one of the most profound teachings in the Yungdrung Bön tradition. Such teachings take place against a backdrop of belief in the notion of Samsara (Cyclic Existence), whereby sentient beings go through a succession of rebirths within the various modes of existence. The type of birth which one takes within Samsara is believed to be determined by the karma one has accumulated over previous lifetimes. The ultimate aim of all sentient beings is said to be to liberate themselves permanently from the suffering of Samsara. This is done by achieving Sang-gye (Enlightenment) / Buddha-hood. It is believed that liberation from Samsara may be achieved through three paths:
NAM-JOM JHAB-TRUD HEALING
As with many eastern traditions, Yungdrung Bön makes it clear that all illness is derived from past karma and that this manifests through both root and secondary causes. Regardless of the nature of the illness, Nam-jom Jhab-trud healing acts as a panacea for all ills and is like a master key that opens all doors towards the healing process. The administration of the Nam-jom Jab-trud healing is carried out by the Lama in public during weekends as well as can be requested privately.
PHOWA (TRANSFERENCE OF CONSCIOUSNESS)
Before proceeding to Phowa itself, it might be useful to set it in context.
Central to Bön Teachings is the notion of Samsara or Cyclic Existence whereby sentient beings go through a succession of rebirths within the various modes or realms of existence. It is believed that there are six realms of existence — three higher and three lower. The higher realms consist of humans, gods, and demi-gods and the lower realms consist of animals, hungry ghosts, and hell-beings.
CHÖD PRACTICE: Khadroi Ghe-gyang
(The Sky Walker's Laughing-Dance)
Chöd, or Lu-jin, is one of the most subtle and sophisticated concepts of Tibetan spiritual practice. Chöd literally means 'severing' and Lu-jin means 'giving away one's body'. Both terms relate to the concept of surrendering the severed body, without attachment, in a characteristic ritual manner of laughter and dancing. The core purpose behind Chöd is to sever one’s ego . This practice is generally carried out by means of visualization (although occasionally by request in Tibet and other Himalayan regions), it can be performed on an actual dead body as part of a funeral rite — this involving no sacrifice of life whatsoever.